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Community? Not If The West Can Help It!

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Posted

'Liberalism' would like to render man in the abstract. That is, qua liberalism, one can identify as a man, in the abstract, before and post one identifies as, say, a 'jew' or 'white' or 'black,' etc...

My question here is, living within such a metanarrative, as I do in 2012 in America, what does the word 'community' mean these days?

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Posted

A philosopher that is independent of the professional politicians' appropriating intentions, cannot yield concrete suggestions for a lasting model of community.

Nietzsche teaches us that human existence is a pendulum that swings between two extremes: an eternal integration into God, as in unity, and an eternal disintegration that annihilates God.

Bataille sees fascism as a closed form of organization that produces God, as in monarchy and hegemony, and social revolution as a decomposition of social structures that reaches the opposite extreme.

Bataille sought a utopian equilibrium in the "recomposition" of social structures - but neither unitary nor anarchic - a community that was capable of sustaining itself through exposure to danger and to exaltation and to death, all through its desire for self-dissolution.

"The only society full of life & force, the only free society, is the bi- or poly-cephalic society that gives fundamental antagonisms of life a constant explosive outlet, but one limited to the richest forms." --Visions of Excess, p. 199

Bataille's Acephale was a protest against unitary communities (fascism, Nazism, Stalinist socialism). However, as an anti-fascist movement that was a vast mass temporarily held together by their refusal, Acephale tried to mythologize a headless community beyond the world of politics.

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Posted

This is really the communitarian critique of liberalism but in fact Rawls (at least) already took into account the role of community in liberal selves in A Theory Of Justice (see part 3). It's not that we identify first in the abstract but that we ask how would so identify in order to treat justly those who identify differently to us.

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